“Asperger’s syndrome is a gift, autism is a burden” – it’s a popular phrase in the internet about autism symptoms. But is it true?
Differences between these disorders and their symptoms really exist, primarily in the severity of the violations and number of symptoms. For example, Asperger’s syndrome involves fewer symptoms. People with Asperger’s syndrome, as well as people with autism symptoms, do not pay attention to others, but they can be of great interest to meet people and establish friendships. However, their awkward attempts to start conversations and insensitivity to the feelings and intentions of other people makes it impossible to produce any lasting friendship. These problems cause frustration and depression, and sometimes even aggression. The deficit in social interaction in people with Asperger’s syndrome symptoms is less pronounced, comparing with classic autism symptoms. People with Asperger syndrome may feel a sense of attachment, usually to family members or close friends of the family.
Is Asperger syndrome one of Autism symptoms or not?
Some experts say, that Asperger’s Syndrome is a form of autism, or autistic constitutional pathology. Autistic people are all different, so there a lot of different types of this disorder, including this one. Asperger’s syndrome may have (or have not) so different manifestations, that people with it don’t even know that they are sick.
Asperger syndrome is usually associated with more capable children in the autistic spectrum, so its diagnosis is more difficult. These children have better developed language skills and show greater commitment to communication, than kids with symptoms of classic (Kanner’s) autism. It is generally accepted that children with autism symptoms or Asperger’s syndrome, in both cases show the same triad of disorders. Thus, in both cases the same methods of treatment are suitable.
Students with Asperger’s syndrome can achieve good academic results, especially in more formal subjects, such as mathematics. However, they require significant assistance in social situations, to maintain acceptable behavior and develop organizational skills. There are areas, which are very difficult for these children.
Example: John is doing well in school, he has developed range of interests, but he is afraid of tests. Sometimes this fear is so strong that John refused to leave home, and parents make a big effort to get him to school.
The problems associated with communicating with peers, may lead to serious consequences. The child feels unhappy that leads to depression or an increase of aggressive behavior. So Asperger’s syndrome and autism symptoms are not the same.
Autism is a state of mind when a child is like “removed” from the outside world and immersed in himself. Most often this disorder is observed in boys. The disease is expressed in the absence of individual activity, followed by a delay in speech development, attention and memory. Child with autism symptoms is not embedded in the events around him, he avoids contacts with people, may not respond to the requests.
Main Autism Symptoms
1. Autistic children have stereotyped thinking, they are applying once perceived scheme to all suitable cases. They are afraid of anything new. Phobias of such children may develop in anything. Kids with autism symptoms may suffer sensory phobia: fear of appliances, dark, bright lights, closed doors or even dress with high collar.
2. These children avoid direct eye view, they often use peripheral vision – looking just by the corner of eye.
3. Kids can spend hours looking at pictures on the wallpaper. Sometimes they have scaring indifference to their parents, and resist any changes.
4. Mental development of autistic children occurs at their inner, individual laws. They have a long time “stuck” in progress, treading water, and their moving forward goes with possible setbacks.
5. Autistics can not successfully socialize, especially among peers. They are interested in the stereotypical games alone, сan have extraordinary attachment to familiar surroundings.
6. Their speech is inflexible, “mechanistic” and “parrot-like”, it often gives the impression of stamping. One of the clear characteristics of autism symptoms is the repetition of phrases heard somewhere without any connection to the real situation.
If you find out that your child have autism symptoms, consult a doctor immediately!
Autism is often considered as a spectrum of disorders, the most severe cases of which are manifested by the classic signs, such as delayed speech development, lack of communication, stereotypes, developed at an early age. In 75% of cases autism symptoms are accompanied by mental retardation. The opposite end of the spectrum represented by Asperger syndrome, high functioning autism and atypical autism.
Atypical Autism Symptoms
Synonyms: mild mental retardation with autistic features, a children’s atypical psychosis.
Atypical autism is a type of common mental disorder of psychological development, which differs from childhood autism by either age of onset, or lack of at least one of three following diagnostic criteria: qualitative abnormalities in social interaction, communication, restricted repetitive behavior.
Symptoms of High Functioning Autism
Autism with a high level of functioning can not be clearly differentiated from Asperger syndrome. Nevertheless, Asperger Syndrome, in contrast to the high functioning autism symptoms, is characterized by neuropsychological profile with the presence of “strong” and “weak” cognitive functions, and difficulties in non-verbal learning. Projective tests have shown that individuals with Aspergers have a rich inner life, more complex, subtle fantasy. They are more focused on internal experiences than people with autism symptoms, even with a high level of functioning. Recently, a study of pedantic speech in both groups of patients (with Asperger’s and autism symptoms) has shown that it is more common in Asperger syndrome, which may help in differentiating of these disorders.
Rett syndrome and disintegrative disorder are similar to autism symptoms, but they are likely to differ from autism in pathogenetic properties. Rett syndrome was first described by Andreas Rett in 1966 as a neurological disorder that primarily affects girls. In this genetically determined disease child is developing normally before age of 6-18 months, but subsequently there become severe mental retardation, inability to perform purposeful hand movements. They are replaced by stereotyped movements like rubbing of hands, shaking by the trunk and limbs, unsteady slow gait, hyperventilation, apnea, seizures (80% of cases), teeth grinding, loss of activity.
In contrast to autism symptoms, Rett syndrome in the first months of life is usually characterized by normal social development, the child appropriately interacts with others, clings to parents.
Videos about Autism Symptoms
Is there any Treatment for Kids with Autism Symptoms?
Autistic children need a kind of “man-prompter” who would translate their actions in a simple, understandable language, and, on the contrary, explain the meaning of actions of other people to kids with autism symptoms.
Treatment of autism requires coordination and the successful interaction of parents, educators, psychologists and psychiatrists. They should follow the treatment regime, a clear routine. Of course, the children must take medication and sedatives, but the therapy of constant communication is particularly important. It helps to develop in child independence, autonomy and social adaptation skills.
Autism can not be cured completely, but improvements can be achieved, so never pause lessons with your child: even on weekends, holidays or summer.
• The main thing is to consult a child psychiatrist as soon as possible, if you detected any autism symptoms. There are many techniques that allow the child to adapt to normal life.
• Remember, without your support and care the baby won’t get out of the state of autism.
• Your home must have a friendly, quiet environment, a sense of security and comfort.
• Communicating with an autistic child, be prepared to talk without the mutual interest on his part for long. Start to fantasize, make the child to invent a story in which he is the main character.
• It is very important play a lot with this kid. Experts in the field of brain research revealed that the game promotes the development of the left hemisphere, which is responsible for memory, language, abstract thinking.
• In the struggle with fears most important is their warning. Tell your child what can happen in a particular case. Invent some scenes from real life: going to the circus, walking in the park. Prepare two types of pictures: with images of household items, familiar to the child and their names. Combining the images together, you fix in the mind of the child image of the object with the word denoting it.
• A regular physical therapy sessions are very helpful. The child with autism symptoms must learn how to control the body.